WHO/UNICEF guidance on infant feeding in the context of ebola
West Africa crisis 2014
Association between breastfeeding and intelligence, educational attainment, and income at 30 years of age: a prospective birth cohort study from Brazil
Background Breastfeeding has clear short-term benefits, but its long-term consequences on human capital are yet to be established. The research aimed to assess...
Interim Operational Considerations for the feeding support of Infants and Young Children under 2 years of age in refugee and migrant transit settings in Europe
The note outlines benefits, risks, options, and resources for supporting appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) in children under 2 years of age in refugee...
Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices: Standard Operating Procedures for the Handling of Breastmilk Substitutes (BMS) in Refugee Situations for Children 0 - 23 months
These SOP provide guidance on how staff of UNHCR and UNHCR partners should manage artificial feeding in refugee contexts to protect both breastfed and non-breastfed...
Flyer on IYCF Feeding Support in Transit
This is a flyer developed by the facebook group "Infant Feeding Support for Refugee Children". Members of this group, who are breastfeeding advocates,...
Infant feeding in the context of ebola
This guidance guidance document on infant feeding in the context of Ebola was produced through informal consultation involving UNICEF technical advisors at HQ,...
C-MAMI Tool, Version 1 (2015)
The C-MAMI Tool provides a health worker with a format to assess, identify/classify and manage uncomplicated acute malnutrition in infants < 6 months of age in the...
Infant and Young Child Feeding in Emergencies: Making it Happen. Report of a regional workshop on IFE (2008)
Report of a regional workshop on IFE held in Bali, 10-13 March, 2008. Organised by ENN/IFE Core Group, in collaboration with UNICEF NY, UNICEF regional offices,...
Infant and young child feeding counselling: An integrated course (WHO and UNICEF)
Background: There are three existing courses available from WHO/UNICEF: Breastfeeding Counselling: A Training Course (5 days) HIV and Infant Feeding Counselling: A...
Introduction to Nutrition in Emergencies- Basic Concepts; UNICEF E-learning course
Introduction to Nutrition in Emergencies- Basic Concepts; UNICEF E-learning course This online course covers basic concepts around the humanitarian system and...
Breastfeeding counselling: A Training Course
Contents: This course is designed to provide health workers with the clinical and interpersonal skills needed to support mothers and their children to breastfeed...
IYCF: Formative Research for Infant Feeding Programs: Skills and Practice for IYCF and Maternal Nutrition
Content: Formative research looks at the community in which an organization is implementing, or plans to implement, programme activities and helps the organization to...
Essential Nutrition Actions to improve the nutrition of women and children - including under situations of emergencies and HIV: Training materials, Ethiopia
Trainer's Guide - Using the Essential Nutrition Actions to Improve the Nutrition of Women and Children in Ethiopia, including under Situations of Emergencies and HIV...
Training of Trainers for Mother-to-Mother breastfeeding support groups
Contents: The purpose of this course is two fold: to train community health workers to facilitate infant feeding mother-to-mother support groups and to train trainers...
Recomended feeding & dietary practice to improve infant and maternal nutrition
Used in training in Somalia by UNICEF. Please download below.
IFE Module 1
Note: This module has now been updated to Module 1, v2.1, 2010. Module 1. Infant feeding in emergencies. For emergency relief staff. Orientation and...
Infant Feeding in Emergencies (IFE) Module 2, Version 1.1 (2007)
For health and nutrition workers in emergency situations. Module 2 has been developed through interagency collaboration and consultation with many experts and field...
Christian Aid partner in Gaza requests baby milk after sewage flood
Christian Aid partner in Gaza requests baby milk after sewage flood: www.alertnet.org/thenews/fromthefield/218275/117552179971.htm An example of a request for...
Operational Guidance on Infant and Young Child Feeding in Emergencies, v 2.1 (2007)
Infant and Young Child Feeding in Emergencies Operational Guidance for Emergency Relief Staff and Policy-Makers. The guidance provides concise practical but mainly...
WHO guiding principles for feeding infants and young children during emergencies
Sets out the 10 guiding principles on feeding of infants and young children during emergencies to prevent excess morbidity and mortality in emergencies. Covers...
Infant Feeding in Emergencies (IFE) Making it Matter: Report of an international strategy meeting (2006)
Report of an international strategy meeting on infant and young child feeding in emergencies, held by the IFE Core Group in Oxford, 1-2 November, 2006.
Celebrating the Innocenti Declaration on the Protection, Promotion and Support of Breastfeeding
Past Achievements, Present Challenges and Priority Actions for Infant and Young Child Feeding This report reviews the developments in breastfeeding promotion in the...
Operational Guidance - essential orientation
Presentation on the Operational Guidance on IFE, version 2.1, 2007, part of the IFE Orientation and Training Day 11th July 2007, held at the Institute of Child...
WHO Statement on iron supplementation in malarious regions
WHO Statement on iron supplementation of young children in regions where malaria transmission is intense and infectious disease highly prevalent
Consensus statement on Infant feeding and HIV/AIDS (WHO, 2006)
Summary of latest recommendations regarding HIV and infant feeding following a 3 day meeting in October 2006 that aimed to clarify and refine the existing UN...
Review of policies and guidelines on infant feeding in emergencies - Common ground and gaps
Review of policies and guidance on infant feeding in emergencies, common ground and gaps. Disasters, 2001, 25(2), 136-148
Conflict 1990s: From policy to practice: challenges in infant feeding in emergencies during the Balkan Crisis
From policy to practice: challenges in infant feeding in emergencies during the Balkan Crisis. Disasters, 2001, 25 (20), 149-163
Mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 infection during exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months of life
Mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 infection during exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months of life: an intervention cohort study. Coovadia et al, Lancet...
Joint FAO/WHO Workshop on Enterobacter Sakazakii and Other Microorganisms in Powdered Infant Formula
Joint FAO/WHO Workshop on Enterobacter Sakazakii and Other Microorganisms in Powdered Infant Formula.
Child Survival II: How many child deaths can we prevent this year?
Child Survival II: How many child deaths can we prevent this year? THE LANCET • Vol 362 • July 5, 2003 • www.thelancet.com
UKZN wins right for ARV trial on babies: Online South Africa news article
Article published in online 'Mail & Guardian' South Africa 6th November...
Breastfeeding saves lives after earthquake in Indonesia
100 breastfeeding peer counsellors trained in Indonesia following earthquake. Article and video. Also available here.
Flash pasteurisation of breastmilk may prevent HIV transmission, news article
Research showing pasteurization of breastmilk may kill HIV, also available at:...
PMTCT programme insufficient in Malawi
HIV positive and forced by poverty to breastfeed: News article on Malawi
An article that appeared in the Telegraph newspaper on 16th December 2006. www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2006/12/16/wmala16.xml
In Zambia, a formula to fight AIDS
Long article on HIV and breastmilk vs formula from Zambia. www.mysanantonio.com/news/metro/stories/MYSA121706.01A.ZambiaAIDS.304c9dc.html
Ratih Sanggarwati, Indonesian model supports breastfeeding
Breastmilk a lifesaver for a baby in times of emergency: News article
Also available here.
S African Govt supports HIV positive mothers choosing to breastfeed with food parcels
The wrong formula
Guardian article supporting breastfeeding and criticising infant formula industry. commentisfree.guardian.co.uk/joanna_moorhead/2007/04/the_wrong_formula.html Nestle...
Indonesia nears completion of regulations on the marketing of breast-milk substitutes
Breastfeeding safer for some HIV-infected mothers in poor conditions
Article also available here.
Baby Formula goes to Manila Court: newspaper article
Article published in Australia on 3rd February 2007. www.theage.com.au/articles/2007/02/02/1169919534128.html
Improving breastfeeding rates in Mali, the plan & benefits
USAID press release on funding for infant feeding work
Red Cross endorsed concert appeals for powdered baby milk in Fiji, News article
Also available from: www.fijitimes.com/story.aspx?id=61152
Nestlé donates nutritional formula to Red Cross for victims of recent typhoons, Philippines, News Article
Also available from: www.reliefweb.int/rw/RWB.NSF/db900SID/JBRN-6Y2F7E?OpenDocument
UN OCHA say infant milk needed following Durian, Philippines, News article
Also available from: www.reliefweb.int/rw/RWB.NSF/db900SID/KHII-6WH33K?OpenDocument
Engineer appeals for medicines and infant formula following Durian, Philippines, News article
Also available from: www.taipeitimes.com/News/world/archives/2006/12/09/2003339733
Patients keep pouring into Indonesian hospitals despite receding flood waters: News article about babies becoming ill after having formula infected with E Coli
News article about the floods in Indonesia in 2007 regarding infant feeding. www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/02/23/asia/AS-GEN-Indonesia-Flooded-Hospitals.php
With poverty so immense, how we help is crucial
Tanya Plibersek, Australian politician, comments on Australian foreign policy, and inappropriate use of infant formula...
Distribution of powdered milk to returning refugees, Rwanda, News article
Available from: www.alertnet.org/thenews/fromthefield/222031/116289365035.htm
Distribution of powdered milk & formula in Gaza and West Bank, News article
Also available from: www.pcrf.net/emergency/emergency.html
NGO provides Bishop with infant formula to hand out to the needy, News article on Sri Lanka
Also available from: www.asianews.it/view.php?l=en&art=7734
Singapore Red Cross donate food packs containing milk biscuits for babies, Indonesia, News article
Also available from: www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/249900/1/.html and www.standardnewswire.com/news/67589467.html
Singapore Red Cross supplies milk powder to flood victims in Malaysia, News Article
National Council of Churches in Australia (NCCA) supply baby milk in East Timor, News article
www.ncca.org.au/cws/at_work_with_our_partners/assistance_in_emergencies For briefing on East Timor see page 4.
ACT/Christian Aid partner supplies milk powder following Durian, Philippines: News article
Also available from: www.reliefweb.int/rw/RWB.NSF/db900SID/ACIO-6WMDQJ?OpenDocument
Indonesian Government distribute baby food/milk to flood victims, News article
Also available from: www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/JAK117949.htm
Comment on long term impact of inappropriate distribution of infant formula: News article from Armenia
Also available from: armenianow.com/?action=viewArticle&AID=2003&CID=2080&IID=&lng=eng
Blog-entry tells of Islamic Reliefs distribution of powdered milk and Infant Formula
Also available from: naazishyarkhan.blogspot.com/2007/02/true-spirit-of-ramadan-chicago-style.html
Infant Formula Distributed in Nablus, Palestine, News article
Also available from: www.indybay.org/newsitems/2007/03/07/18373811.php
Infant feeding in emergencies: experiences from Lebanon
Also available from: www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/HPN/18db00b1c08f59f11256b8a189f1835e.htm
Powdered milk distribution, Sri Lanka, News article
www.reliefweb.int/rw/RWB.NSF/db900SID/JBRN-6YPF57?OpenDocument In order to supply the dry rations for recently displaced people living in Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu...
Tsunami survivors queueing for formula milk in Sri Lanka, News video
Also available from:...
Singaporean NGOs distribute powdered milk and baby food to flood victims, News article
Also available from: www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/249096/1/.html
Distribution of baby bottles and milk by Brunei after Tsunami in Aceh, News article
Also available from: www.bruneitimes.com.bn/details.php?shape_ID=15125
Communal breastfeeding practices in Cameroon and its relation to HIV/AIDS: News piece
Myanmar mother afraid that milk had dried up whilst under detention by Malaysian authorities
Story of baby unable to be breastfed after mother dies in floods in refugee camp
Mother breastfeeding in Philippines after Durian
A Little Booklet About Disaster Management
This short booklet aims to inform community members involved in disasters such as earthquakes and tsunamis, of essential precautions and measures that should be...
Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding
This publication sets out the challenges on improving infant and young child feeding practices, and the types of interventions governments and other stakeholders will...
Infant and Young Child Feeding: Innocenti Declaration 2005
A call for action following 15 years since the Innocenti Declaration on the Protection, Promotion and Support of Breastfeeding and the 2002 Global Strategy for Infant...
Data from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) from 43 countires between 1998-2004 on breastfeeding, consumption of food, etc compiled by USAID....
Isolation of Enterobacter sakazakii and other Enterobacter sp. from food and food production environments
Research paper on bacteria in food products, with a special focus on infant formula and powdered milk. See also WHO Guidelines for the safe preparation, storage and...
WHO/FAO guidelines for the safe preparation, storage and handling of powdered infant formula
IMPORTANT NOTE: These guidelines, leaflets and poster have NOT been made with the emergency setting in mind. Hence pictures of bottle feeding should be used with...
Behaviour Change Communication (BCC) in Emergencies: A UNICEF Toolkit
A manual and toolkit for behaviour change communication in emergencies from UNICEF ROSA. Target groups include: Programme managers from UN, NGOs, partners and governments.
Using the Essential Nutrition Actions to Improve the Nutrition of Women and Children in Ethiopia, including under Situations of Emergencies and HIV and AIDS
Linkages and the Ethiopia Public Health Training Initiative produce this manual and materials from a four day training course for pre-service instructors of health...
The impact of infant feeding practices - from relief to sustainable development. Keynote address at IBFAN International Meeting on IFE Situations, Croatia, October 1998
Keynote address from the International Meeting on Infant Feeding in Emergency Situations by Dr Aileen Robertson. Event hosted by IBFAN, WEMOS & Baby Milk Action,...
International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes & Resolutions
The International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes, 1981, and subsequent resolutions by the WHO/UNICEF. The International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk...
International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes - Code Watch, 25 years
This leaflet, prepared by WABA for World Breastfeeding Week 2006, is a concise summary of the code that can be used to summarise it's meaning and importance. It can...
A Generation on: Baby milk marketing still putting children's lives at risk - media briefing
A Generation on: Baby milk marketing still putting children's lives at risk. Media briefing by Save the Children (UK) on the Code using examples from UK,...
Why infant formula causes deaths due to diarrhoea
A paper that describes how the use of infant formula contributes to diarrhoea in emergency and resource limited settings. Explains the causes of diarrhoea and how...
UNHCR policy related to the acceptance, distribution, and use of milk products in refugee settings
UNHCR policy on use of milk products in infant feeding in refugee settings. Originally written in 1989, and updated in 2006 with the help of the ENN, the IFE Core...
Recommendations on infant feeding in emergencies
Joint policy on infant feeding from UNICEF, the WHO, and the Indonesian Society of Paediatricians (ISP) produced following the Tsunami. covers breastfeeding and...
A tool for assessing national practices, policies and programmes
This tool is designed to assist countries in: summarizing current data with regard to infant and young child feeding practices, assessing the strengths and...
WHO global data bank on breastfeeding and complementary feeding
Can put in survey details to add to data and also search it for background data on a country. Entry web page is here.
Questionnaire from Bolivia Community Assessment of Infant Feeding Practices
LINKAGES and its PROCOSI partners in Bolivia used this survey form to gather information on infant feeding practices among mothers of infants less than 12 months old....
Questionnaires from Ethiopia Community Assessment of Essential Nutrition Actions and Other Health Behaviors
LINKAGES and the ESHE Project used these 4 survey forms in Ethiopia for household interviews and interviews with mothers of infants 0-11 months, 12-23 months, and...
IFE and the International Code
Part of a presentation on the Code for the IFE Orientation and Training day, held on 11th July 2007, at Institute of Child Health, London.
Media Guide on Infant and Young Child Feeding in Emergencies
A two page flyer outlining how the media can help protect and support appropriate and safe infant and young child feeding in emergencies.
Diarrhoea risk associated with not breastfeeding in Botswana (summary)
Diarrhoea risk associated with not breastfeeding in Botswana. Summary of report and presentation in Field Exchange 29, Dec 2006 p.22 Botswana diarrhoea outbreak...
Infant feeding patterns and risks of death and hospitalisation in the first half of infancy: multicentre cohort study.
1Bahl R, Frost C, Kirkwood BR, Edmond K, Martines J, Bhandari N, Arthur P. Infant feeding patterns and risks of death and hospitalisation in the first half of...
WHO guiding principles of feeding non-breastfed children 6-24 months
There are a number of infants who will not enjoy the benefits of breastfeeding. They include children born to HIV-positive mothers who choose not to breastfeed and...
PAHO/WHO Guiding principles for Complementary Feeding of the Breastfed Child
A review of feeding guidelines promoted by various national and international organizations has shown that there are inconsistencies in the specific recommendations...
Home fortification in emergency response and transition programming: Experiences in Aceh and Nias, Indonesia (Sprinkles)
Describes the post-tsunami experience using Vitalita Sprinkles for children > 6 months. Saskia de Pee, Regina Moench-Pfanner, Elviyanti Martini, Stanley H....
Infant feeding in the South Asia earthquake aftermath
Weighing scales for young infants: A survey of relief workers
Field Exchange 29 December 2006, p.11 Survey of weighing scales used for young infants, by staff working in emergencies. This led to the concept of a scales for 0-5...
Assessment of nutritional status of chidren <5yrs of age, pregnant women & lactating women living in relief camps after the tsunami in Sri Lanka
Assessment of nutritional status of children under five years of age, pregnant women, and lactating women living in relief camps after the tsunami in Sri Lanka. R....
James Achanyi-Fontem, is a Senior Health Journalist and Communication Consultant. He worked as a health journalist and broadcaster for 30 years with Radio Cameroon and later Cameroon Radio Television, CRTV before retiring in 2005 to engage fully with Cameroon Link (Human Assistance Programme). Cameroon Link is a registered charity, not-for-profit organisation involved in the promotion of community health, humanitarian assistance, promotion of women and child rights through involvement of communities in Cameroon for mother and child health care. Cameroon Link is a partner to Commonwealth of Learning (COL), Farm Radio International (FRI), International Baby Food Action Network (IBFAN Africa), World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action (WABA). As the intermediary of Commonwealth of Learning (COL), Cameroon Link is engaged to implement a Cameroon Rural Radio story design Programming through an investigative research, which aims to discover through interviewing beneficiaries of health programmes on their interests, documenting and disseminating new ideas about how radio stations produce and air Healthy Communities Radio Programs in Cameroon.